Washing your face is probably the most important step in your everyday skincare routine. During the day, the surface of the skin accumulates bacteria, dirt, and toxins. All of these, coupled with excess oil and dead skin cells buildup, can clog the pores and cause inflammation, irritation, and breakouts. Proper cleansing prevents these problems and keeps your face hydrated and radiant.
Rule #1: Makeup removers aren’t enough
Contrary to common belief, cleansing and make-up removal are not the same. The usual makeup removers are used to remove cosmetic products from your skin. They can’t, however, properly clean out the bacteria, dead cells, dirt, and oil that accumulate on its surface. That’s why you should always complete your makeup removal with proper cleansing.
Choosing the right cleansers is important. Determine which products are suitable for your skin type. For instance, gel and foam cleansers are the best choices for oily and combination skin types, whereas cream-based formulas are better suited for dry skin.
Rule #2: Micellar Cleansing Water is great, but not enough either
Micellar water truly is a great invention, but can it completely replace a proper face wash? Although opinions on this subject differ widely, the general view is that it can’t.
Micelles, the main ingredient of micellar water, are molecules that draw dirt from the surface of your skin like a magnet. However, they can’t completely remove all the dead cells and bacteria that accumulate on your face throughout the day, especially if you’re wearing makeup. This residue can cause irritation and breakouts. That’s why using micellar water for cleansing is simply not enough. You can, however, use it as the first step of your makeup removing process, but don’t forget to thoroughly rinse your face with warm water afterward.
Rule #3: Don’t forget about toners
Toners and lotions should be the final step of every evening skincare routine. It tightens your pores, evens out your complexion, and removes the remainders of makeup and dirt that may still linger on your skin after washing. Choose toners that are alcohol-free and contain ingredients that provide extra hydration and soothing such as glycolic acid, hyaluronic acid, green tea, aloe Vera, and chamomile.
Rule #4: Overwashing is just as bad as no washing at all
While not washing your face properly is bad for your skin, overwashing it can be harmful as well. Scrubbing too diligently or using harsh cleansing products can damage the protective barrier of your skin, leading to irritation.
Be gentle with your face. Try not to wash it longer than thirty seconds and not more often than twice a day. Avoid extreme temperatures when rinsing, and don’t use products that are too harsh or unsuitable for your skin type. Don’t rub your face. Instead, gently tap and press the products into your skin and let them work their magic.
Rule #5: Keep it clean
Bacteria spread very quickly, so make sure that everything that touches your face is clean. This includes your hands, your face towel, and your washcloth (if you’re using one). The washcloths, in particular, can accumulate microbes fast, so it’s best to wash them daily or at least every other day.